photo courtesy of Superstition Mountain Golf & Country Club

Bunkers are the rarely loved, often hated, yet defining aspect of numerous golf courses around the world. As a significant feature of any course, general managers, superintendents and course owners must eventually face the proverbial music and give these course hazards some TLC. Small or large, bunker renovations are no simple feat and require a few essentials. As the director of agronomy at Superstition Mountain (Ariz.) Golf & Country Club, I recently guided our staff through a massive overhaul of the bunkers on our two courses. Having been with the club since the beginning and involved with the original course design, the recent bunker renovation was my second large-scale project with Superstition Mountain. Let’s walk through this undertaking through the lens of our private club for a firsthand account of what to expect during a bunker renovation.


Though the project broke ground in May 2017, planning for the renovation began more than a year prior. The process involved countless meetings with club ownership, the Hladky Family, to sell them on this renovation. Projected to cost $2 million, it was imperative the renovation was presented as an investment to our owners who successfully run Superstition Mountain Golf & Country Club as an efficient business.

With the green light, members of the club staff, Phil Smith Design and the Nicklaus Group reviewed each bunker on both courses. Having worked with the Nicklaus Group on the initial design of Superstition Mountain back in the 1990s helped streamline the evaluation process as we critically analyzed the bunkers and surrounding slopes. Our survey also identified surrounding landscape that would need to be adjusted for optimal playability and view.

Lastly, Jack Nicklaus himself reviewed each bunker blueprint and provided his approval or written feedback and recommended alterations prior to breaking ground.


The multimillion-dollar project allowed us to simultaneously renovate all 175 bunkers on our two 18-hole courses. Construction crews worked day in and day out to completely overhaul each bunker – removing existing sand, installing state-of-the-art Capillary Concrete, updating surrounding greens and upgrading the drainage system. While each hole required its own unique TLC, the majority of holes required the following repairs.

Reshaped bunkers

  • Based off evaluations, bunkers were combined or separated to enhance playability
  • Bunker floors were adjusted to improve drainage
  • Surrounding slopes were increased or decreased to provide more accessible entry and exit into the bunkers
  • Reset bunkers to original dimensions
  • After 20 years of edging and play, outlines were reset to original specifications
  • Installation of Capillary Concrete reinforces and defines bunker outlines, and will help control and reduce this migration for years to come
  • Upgraded drainage

Construction crews discovered blocked, crushed or nonfunctioning drainage on one-third of bunkers.

Over the five months of construction, crews installed more than 1,440 tons of concrete and more than 4,500 tons of new sand. Despite the size of the project, Superstition Mountain Golf & Country Club continued offering members 18 holes of golf every day. At times, this meant combining holes from both courses, but the project was carefully mapped to limit player disruptions as much as possible.


No project, large or small, is completed without its fair share of challenges. From inclement weather to grass literally not being green on the other side, we overcame bumps in the process. However, our attention to detail and problem solving has left us even more confident in the integrity of the work accomplished.


Arizona summers feature triple digit temperatures and intense, sudden thunderstorms during the monsoon season from July through September. Bringing heavy rain and strong winds, these powerful thunderstorms were an impromptu, real-world test for the new bunkers. Despite multiple storms, the Capillary Concrete drained rainwater effectively and the newly fortified bunkers had zero washouts.


While irrigation and drainage were being repaired on the bunkers, in the heat of summer, some portions of the surrounding sod began to brown. To begin repairing the damaged areas, replacement sod was ordered – and rejected. The sod we received was as brown as what we were trying to replace. Luckily, the second shipment was in better condition and was utilized in the repairs. The agronomy team continued to monitor other surrounding greens for health and did whatever was needed to protect the high standard of quality the club is known for.


The year-plus project has finally come to an end, and our club and membership could not be happier. Our successful renovation was the result of many factors, with communication being high on the list. From groundbreaking to renovation completion, we kept our staff and membership in lock-step through transparent communication which included weekly enewsletters and a dedicated page on our website where visitors could view bunker progress. By keeping everyone in the loop, Superstition Mountain was able to reduce frustration and make membership and staff a part of this large undertaking. By renovating our bunkers, we have provided an exceptional place to play golf for years to come, signaling the health of the club and the Hladky’s commitment to their business and the sport of golf.

Scott Krout is the director of agronomy at Superstition Mountain Golf & Country Club in Gold Canyon, Ariz.